Foz do Iguaçu is located in the extreme west of the State of Paraná, on the border of Brazil with Paraguay and Argentina. Together with the Paraguayan city of Ciudad Del Este and the Argentinean Puerto Iguazu, it forms one the largest cultural tourism poles in South America.
The word Iguaçu means "large water", in Tupi-Guarani etymology. It is a perfect name for the greatness of Iguaçu’s waterfalls, one of the planet’s natural wonders, comprised of 275 waterfalls and an average height of 60m. Both Brazil and Argentina surrounds the area with national parks, where several species of animals and plants can be found. The Iguaçu National Park, located in the Brazilian side of the Falls, is one of the most beautiful ecological reserves in the world, with 225 thousand hectares and recognized by UNESCO as a natural heritage of mankind.
The Garganta do Diabo (Devil’s Throat), located in the Argentinean side park, is probably the most impressive and famous of all falls.
Fans of adventure should not miss a speed boat tour to the bottom of the waterfalls, either in the Brazilian side of the Falls (Macuco Safari) or in the Argentinean side (Gran Aventura). Both are usually combined with a light trekking activity into the rainforest.
Apart from the visiting the Falls parks, both in Brazil and Argentina, tourists can enjoy other very nice attractions while in the city, such as:
- visiting the Itaipu Hidroelectric Dam – the largest in the world of its category.
- visiting the Birds Park, a natural park with hundreds of species from the five continents.