The Amazon is the region formed for the basin of the Amazon River and covered by the Amazonian Forest. It is the biggest equatorial forest of the world. The Great Amazon encloses nine countries of South America and an area of 7,5 million km². The Brazilian area represents 66% of this total. The Amazon River, alone, represents about 17% of all the liquid water of the world. It drains one-third of South America.
The Brazilian Legal Amazon consists of several states, but from a touristic standpoint, the easiest way to know the Amazon Forest is entering by the cities of Manaus and/or Belém.
It has the largest river in the world, the Amazon, which is 6500 kilometers long. It also boasts the greatest diversity of fauna and flora on the face of the planet.
The capital cities of all the amazonian states are served by air connections (often not direct) with all the state capitals of Brazil. Only Manaus, Belém and Macapá have international airports.
Manaus has a relatively good touristic infrastructure of hotels and transportation. From Manaus, it is also possible to reach the most famous lodges that were built inside the Amazon forest to receive tourists interested in visiting the region with comfort and safety.
Most of the amazonian towns are situated along the rivers and have ports for cargo and passenger transportation, as well as fluvial transportation companies.
Climate wise, the region has two main seasons:
- The “rainy” season, correspondent to winter, from December to May;
- The “dry” season, when there’s less rain, correspondent to summer, from June to November. The most critical month is September when the temperature is really high (40°C).